Puma provides consultancy for both FSC certification and for identification
of High Conservation Values (HCVs), and beyond, by also producing
scientific information on the role of such forests in the survival
of emblematic species and on maintenance of environmental integrity.
Bad networking and collapse of forest companies
role of forest certification for business growth in Brazil is still
not completely understood and has been often underestimated. Sustainable
management plans look good in the paper, but they are often not
fully implemented. This has been the cause of collapse of large
companies in the recent past, the most notorious case was Gethal,
which was the largest timber company in South America. Illegal or
unproper logging, lack of a dialog channel with environmental agencies
and community, all sum up to build an unsecure and fragile business
foundation. This business model will not resist a serious audition
by local environmental and public lands agencies, a situation that
may be worsened by negative public opinion, neighbours, and NGOs.
the reason for collapse is not bad timber management. However, by
leaving networking and good neighbourhood in second plan, companies
run the risk of ending up by themselves, with no one to take part
on their cause. Particullarly concerning is the widespread irrational
fear of 'invasion' by foreigners that purchase large extents of
Amazon forest, incentivated by central government under the hood
of maintaining 'soberany'.
should seek good allies, not those that you can brible, but those
that are convinced of the benefits that forest management provide
to wilderness, wildlife, and to local livehood.
should be agents of transformation
lack the understanding that they, as major players in the social
and economic circuit, must be also agents of transformation. Managers,
decision makers, environmental officers, and most scientists (those
that do not work directly with the subject) also often lack the
vision that forest management is perhaps the best solution to preserve
the existing forests. The government does not have the resources
to patrol all reserves. Trainned people working constantly in a
forestry area will, in the other hand, naturally intimidate invaders,
hunters, and have the potencial to transform the reality of slash
and burning around them.
management should be implemented in buffer areas around reserves,
and within those in the category of 'sustainable use', and the government
should estimulate forestry companies.
companies must realize their potencial as agents of transformation,
by demonstrating to environmental officers and the public that their
managed forests are ecologically more sound than other land tenure
Projeto Puma can help
Puma has extensive experience in forestry areas, and has many examples
that managed forests may function as well as and often better than
government-established protected areas for conservation of natural
systems and wild fauna and flora.
first step to achieve the desired goal of business security and
sustainability is to hire a High Conservation Value (HCV) assessmenet,
which can use most of the data already available in managed areas.
The next step involves trainning of personnel, including forest
managers, so that the funcionality of the system is understood,
enabling them to become multipliers and capable of demonstrating
how the managed forest is ecologically and socially sound. Third,
true links must be made with environmental and public land agencies,
as well as with local communities and NGOs.
to October 2009, 117.09 million ha of forests have been certified
by the Forest Stwardship Council (FSC) in 50 countries. The certification
process ensure that harvesting and production is in accordance with
legislation, people's right, and environment.
is a certification system that provides internationally recognized
standard-setting, trademark assurance and accreditation services
to companies, organizations, and communities interested in responsible
10 FSC Principles and 56 Criteria describe how the forests have
to be managed to meet the social, economic, ecological, cultural
and spiritual needs of present and future generations. They include
managerial aspects as well as environmental and social requirements.
In fact, FSC rules are the strictest and FSC’s social and
environmental requirements the highest.
Brazil nut identified
as a High Conservation Value (HCV) by
Projeto Puma in a certified amazonian forest
Conservation Value Forests (HCVFs)
forest has some environmental and social value. The values it contains
may include rare species, recreational sites or resources harvested
by local residents. Where these values are considered to be of outstanding
significance or critical importance, the forest can be defined as
a High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF).
key to the concept of HCVFs is the identification of High Conservation
Values (HCVs): it is these values that are important and need to
be protected. High Conservation Value Forests are simply the forests
where these values are found, or, more precisely, the forest area
that needs to be appropriately managed in order to maintain or enhance
the identified values. Identifying these areas is therefore the
essential first step in developing appropriate management for them.
HCVF concept was initially developed by the Forest Stewardship Council
(FSC) for use in forest management certification and first published
in 1999. Under Principle 9 for FSC certification, forest managers
are required to identify any High Conservation Values (HCVs) that
occur within their individual forest management units, to manage
them in order to maintain or enhance the values identified, and
to monitor the success of this management.
its publication, the concept has been applied both within the FSC
system and more broadly. For example, the approach is increasingly
being used for landscape mapping and in conservation and natural
resource planning and advocacy. It is also being used in purchasing
policies and recently has begun to appear in discussions and policies
of government agencies.